Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Haddon Fields

A Scheduled Monument in Youlgreave, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1849 / 53°11'5"N

Longitude: -1.6799 / 1°40'47"W

OS Eastings: 421488.11856

OS Northings: 365356.819542

OS Grid: SK214653

Mapcode National: GBR 585.8E8

Mapcode Global: WHCDF.569R

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Haddon Fields

Scheduled Date: 28 August 1962

Last Amended: 8 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011858

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13362

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Youlgreave

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Bakewell All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

Haddon Fields is situated on the eastern shelves south of Wye Dale on the
limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes the southernmost of
two bowl barrows on Haddon Fields and is a sub-circular cairn measuring 20m by
18m by 0.6m high. The profile of the barrow has been lowered by stone-
robbing, probably at the time of the Enclosures, and its form has been
somewhat distorted by ploughing, as can be seen by the remains of ridge and
furrow which surround the monument and truncate its edges. The stone-robbers
uncovered a drystone walled cist containing two skeletons and an urn. In
addition, in 1824, a partial excavation carried out by W Bateman and
S Mitchell led to the discovery of another cist containing bones from both
inhumations and cremations. These were accompanied by the sherds of four
urns, some dog's teeth and a number of Roman coins. Apart from the latter,
the finds indicate a Bronze Age date for the barrow. The coins were a later
insertion, dating to the Romano-British period. Another hoard was found near
the centre of the barrow, along with lead ore and part of a glass vessel.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although the surface of this bowl barrow on Haddon Fields has been disturbed,
the old land surface on which burials were placed is still reasonably intact
and the monument contains further significant archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 30
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 77
Ward, J, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Notes on some Derbys Antiquities from S Mitchell's memoranda, , Vol. 30, (1908), 155

Source: Historic England

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