Ancient Monuments

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Burton Moor bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Bakewell, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2027 / 53°12'9"N

Longitude: -1.7011 / 1°42'4"W

OS Eastings: 420059.127447

OS Northings: 367330.947857

OS Grid: SK200673

Mapcode National: GBR 46M.8Q2

Mapcode Global: WHCD6.VR3M

Entry Name: Burton Moor bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 3 July 1933

Last Amended: 9 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017545

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13364

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Bakewell

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Bakewell All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

Burton Moor bowl barrow is located on the limestone plateau of Derbyshire,
north of Grindlow on the eastern shelves south of the River Wye. The monument
includes a roughly circular cairn measuring 15m by 14m and standing c.1.5m
high. The north and west sides of the barrow have been somewhat disturbed in
the past by stone robbers, probably at the time of the Enclosures. In 1849
the barrow was partially excavated by Thomas Bateman who found a primary rock-
cut grave containing three crouched skeletons, two of which were female.
These were accompanied by a number of flint implements and a jet necklace and
had been covered over with stones on which were found animal bones and the
remains of a human cremation. These remains indicate a Bronze Age date for
the barrow while, higher up in the mound, were found the remains of a
secondary Anglian interment. This was accompanied by a bronze bowl and a
silver-plated ring which Bateman calls a frame for an enamel. Excluded from
the scheduling are the drystone walls crossing the monument but the ground
underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although part of Burton Moor bowl barrow has been disturbed by stone robbers
and partial excavation, significant areas survive intact and contain
undisturbed archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977)
Meaney, A L S, Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites, (1964)
Fowler, M J, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in The Anglian Settlement of the Derbys-Staffs. Peak District, , Vol. 74, (1954)

Source: Historic England

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