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Round cairn 557m SSW of Caradon Hill summit

A Scheduled Monument in Linkinhorne, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5067 / 50°30'24"N

Longitude: -4.4413 / 4°26'28"W

OS Eastings: 226988.129809

OS Northings: 70282.806001

OS Grid: SX269702

Mapcode National: GBR NG.KK1C

Mapcode Global: FRA 17LQ.FKP

Entry Name: Round cairn 557m SSW of Caradon Hill summit

Scheduled Date: 5 October 1959

Last Amended: 25 February 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011844

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15049

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Linkinhorne

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument comprises a circular funerary cairn, part of a linear cairn group
occupying a SSW spur of Caradon Hill, on the SE edge of Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a circular mound, 16.5m in diameter and up to 1.5m high,
of heaped small to medium sized stones. Some stone extraction has occurred in
the relatively recent past, removing stones from the central area and
hollowing it to a maximum depth of c.0.75m, but leaving the remainder of the
cairn's mound intact and well-consolidated. This cairn has been surveyed and
recorded on several occasions since 1907 but has not been subject to
archaeological excavation. It lies near the centre of a dispersed linear
group of cairns that extends along the crest of a broad spur running SSW from
Caradon Hill and contains nine cairns of several types typical of the Early
and Middle Bronze Age (c.2000 - 1000 BC).

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
quality and diversity of the evidence is such that the moor has been the
subject of detailed archaeological survey and hence it forms one of the best
recorded upland landscapes in England. Of particular note are the extensive
relict landscapes of Prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date. Together
these provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the moor from the
earliest Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible
relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Round cairns are funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC),
covering single or multiple burials. They were constructed as mounds of earth
and stone rubble, up to 40m in external diameter, but usually considerably
smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound.
Round cairns are sometimes associated with external ditches, though none have
been recorded with examples on Bodmin Moor. Burials were placed in small
pits, sometimes containing a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist,
let into the old ground surface, or in the body of the cairn itself. Round
cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups, or in cairn
cemeteries.
Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs,
burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. This round cairn on
Caradon Hill is reasonably well-preserved, has not been excavated, and will
retain many of its original features, including burial deposits. Its
importance is enhanced by its location within a cairn group containing a
variety of different types of burial monument, demonstrating well the
diversity of burial practice during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Sharpe, A, The Minions Area Archaeological and Management Survey, (1993)
Other
3/1991, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 Air Photo Transcriptions: SX 2670 and SX 2770,
Consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1411.03,
consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1411.06,
Consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1421,
Title: Ordnance Survey 6": 1 mile Map; Cornwall XXVIII SW
Source Date: 1907
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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