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Round cairn and shelters 812m SSW of Caradon Hill summit

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5047 / 50°30'16"N

Longitude: -4.4431 / 4°26'35"W

OS Eastings: 226851.696791

OS Northings: 70057.761307

OS Grid: SX268700

Mapcode National: GBR NG.KJKG

Mapcode Global: FRA 17LQ.DWC

Entry Name: Round cairn and shelters 812m SSW of Caradon Hill summit

Scheduled Date: 28 February 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011784

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15051

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument comprises a large circular funerary cairn with two small shelters
scooped into one side, at the SW end of a linear cairn group on a SSW spur of
Caradon Hill, on the SE edge of Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a large circular mound, 23m in diameter and up to 2m
high, of heaped stones varying in size from small pebbles to small boulders up
to 1m across. Some stone extraction has occurred in the relatively recent
past, removing stone from the NNW side of the cairn, extending to the mound's
centre, but leaving the remainder of the cairn's mound intact. The surface
beneath the area from which stone has been removed retains well-consolidated
stone of the cairn mound, 0.4m above the external ground level, and is largely
turf-covered. In the E and SE sides of the cairn are two small scoops in the
stone rubble content of the mound, each 3m in diameter and 0.75m deep,
separated by a very coarsely-built drystone wall. Such structures are typical
of short-term shelters for medieval and post-medieval workers on the moor.
This cairn has been surveyed but has not been subject to archaeological
excavation. It lies at the SW end of a dispersed linear group of cairns that
extends along the crest of a broad spur running SSW from Caradon Hill and
contains nine cairns of several types typical of the Early and Middle Bronze
Age (c.2000 - 1000 BC).

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
quality and diversity of the evidence is such that the moor has been the
subject of detailed archaeological survey and hence it forms one of the best
recorded upland landscapes in England. Of particular note are the extensive
relict landscapes of Prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date. Together
these provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the moor from the
earliest Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible
relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
Round cairns are funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC),
covering single or multiple burials. They were constructed as mounds of earth
and stone rubble, up to 40m in external diameter, but usually considerably
smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound.
Round cairns are sometimes associated with external ditches, though none have
been recorded with examples on Bodmin Moor. Burials were placed in small
pits, sometimes containing a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist,
let into the old ground surface, or in the body of the cairn itself. Round
cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in cairn
cemeteries.
Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs,
burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. This round cairn on
Caradon Hill survives substantially intact, has not been excavated, and will
retain many of its original features, including burial deposits. Its
importance is enhanced by its location within a cairn group containing a
variety of different types of burial monument, demonstrating well the
diversity of burial practice during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Sharpe, A, The Minions Area Archaeological Survey and Management (Volume 2), (1989)
Other
Amendments & Additions, Rose, P & Herring, P, Bodmin Moor, Cornwall. An Evaluation for the MPP, (1990)
consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1411.06,
consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1411.07,
consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1412,
Consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1421,

Source: Historic England

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