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An area of the Romano-British linear village at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet

A Scheduled Monument in Shepton Mallet, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1796 / 51°10'46"N

Longitude: -2.5327 / 2°31'57"W

OS Eastings: 362860.598499

OS Northings: 142398.853583

OS Grid: ST628423

Mapcode National: GBR MT.5VJJ

Mapcode Global: VH8B1.1MX2

Entry Name: An area of the Romano-British linear village at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet

Scheduled Date: 5 September 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011635

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22803

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Shepton Mallet

Built-Up Area: Shepton Mallet

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes part of a Romano-British linear village lying alongside
the Fosse Way and earlier, underlying archaeological features. An additional
area of the village, situated immediately to the north, with an arm extending
south into the west side of the scheduling, is being developed as a business
park and is not included in the scheduling at the present time.
Following the discovery of the site in 1988, exploratory excavations
identified a settlement lying on both sides of the Roman road, three
associated cemeteries and underlying archaeological remains of Neolithic and
Iron Age date. The settlement, dating to between the first and fourth
centuries AD, included stone and timber-framed structures fronting the Fosse
Way with yards to the rear, streets running off at right angles to the main
road, field boundaries and areas of industrial activity. Industry appears to
have been an important function of the settlement and discoveries have
included metal smelting ovens, traces of iron ore residues and slag and raw
materials such as lead ingots.
The three cemeteries appear to exhibit changes in religious belief and burial
practices. Two of the cemeteries include burials orientated north-south and
are thought to be pagan; the third, with burials orientated east-west, is
interpreted as Christian and has yielded a silver amulet cross.
The village may have been founded on an earlier settlement of Iron Age date.
Excluded from the scheduling are all modern structures including the
Showerings warehouse, the modern road surfaces of Fosse Lane, the service
roads, the former railway embankment and the modern embankment east of the
Showerings warehouse but the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rural settlement was an important part of the Roman economy but the remains
are generally poorly known and understood, with archaeological work to date
having concentrated on military sites and the higher status villa buildings.
Only some 50 examples of Romano-British linear villages have been recorded,
mostly restricted to southern and central England. Exploratory excavations at
Shepton Mallet have confirmed the good survival of the archaeological remains
of a significant and long-lived settlement, including important evidence of
industrial activity.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Leach, PJ, Shepton Mallet: Romano-Britons and Early Christians in Somerset, (1991)
Leach, P, An Archaeological Evaluation at Cannard's Grave Shepton Mallet, (1990), 4
Leach, PJ, Shepton Mallet: Romano-Britons and Early Christians in Somerset, (1991), 14-15
Leach, PJ, Shepton Mallet: Romano-Britons and Early Christians in Somerset, (1991), 24
Leach, PJ, Shepton Mallet: Romano-Britons and Early Christians in Somerset, (1991), 8
Leach, P, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Soc' in Roman Site at Fosse Lane: Interim Report of the 1990 Excavations, (1990), 52
Leach, P, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Soc' in Roman Site at Fosse Lane: Interim Report of the 1990 Excavations, (1990)
Other
Leach, P, The Roman site at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet: An Interim Report, 1990,
Leach, P, The Roman site at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet: An Interim Report, 1990,
Leach, P, The Roman site at Fosse Lane, Shepton Mallet: An Interim Report, 1990,

Source: Historic England

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