Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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A moated site at Goddards Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Great Sampford, Essex

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Latitude: 51.9939 / 51°59'38"N

Longitude: 0.3714 / 0°22'16"E

OS Eastings: 562907.070483

OS Northings: 235488.281474

OS Grid: TL629354

Mapcode National: GBR NDS.YH6

Mapcode Global: VHJHV.D45S

Entry Name: A moated site at Goddards Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011627

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20693

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Great Sampford

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex


The monument at Goddards Farm includes a moated site situated on a gentle
north-east facing slope overlooking the River Pant, 1.25km west of Great
Sampford Church. The quadrangular moated area measures 42m NW-SE by 33m NE-
SW. The north-west arm has been infilled but is considered to have run in
front of the house through what is now the farmyard. The remaining arms are
between 7m to 10m wide and are waterfilled by seepage. The outlet is located
at the eastern angle. A small causeway, 2m wide, probably modern, at the
southern angle gives access to the island. The present house which is Listed
Grade II dates to the 17th century and has 19th century additions. The site
is considered to be one associated with the family of John Godd in 1327.
The house and path are excluded from the scheduling though the ground beneath
these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Goddards Farm remains well-preserved and will retain
archaeological information relating to its occupation. The waterfilled ditches
will retain environmental evidence pertaining to the economy of its
inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Gerald, C, The Story of the Sampfords, (1981)

Source: Historic England

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