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Terrier's Farm moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Thaxted, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9672 / 51°58'1"N

Longitude: 0.357 / 0°21'25"E

OS Eastings: 562018.631489

OS Northings: 232480.076128

OS Grid: TL620324

Mapcode National: GBR NF5.M2G

Mapcode Global: VHJHV.4TLB

Entry Name: Terrier's Farm moated site

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007838

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20708

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Thaxted

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Details

The monument includes a moated site situated on high ground 1.72km north-east
of Thaxted church. It is trapezoidal in shape and measures 60m NW-SE by a
maximum of 65m NE-SW. The arms are water-filled and are 5m wide. An external
bank, 2m wide and approximately 1m high, runs along the eastern side of the
moat. A modern brick and iron bridge, 4m wide, gives access to the island
across the north-western arm, whilst a causeway, 23m wide, crosses the north-
eastern arm. Another modern bridge of wood and iron crosses the south-western
arm. The island is raised about 0.5m above the level of the surrounding
ground and is now occupied by a mid-Georgian house with Victorian additions
and is Listed Grade II. The moat is thought to have been associated with the
family of Richard Terry in 1319.
The mid-Georgian house, outhouses, bridges, water pipe and driveway, which
occupy the site at present, are all excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Terrier's Farm remains largely undisturbed and will retain
archaeological information relating to the occupation of the site. The
water-filled ditches will retain environmental evidence pertaining to the
economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935)

Source: Historic England

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