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Bowl barrow in Hobbin's Belt, 850m south-east of White House Farm: part of Seven Hills barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Nacton, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0232 / 52°1'23"N

Longitude: 1.2424 / 1°14'32"E

OS Eastings: 622548.220237

OS Northings: 241052.705731

OS Grid: TM225410

Mapcode National: GBR VPQ.2X3

Mapcode Global: VHLC1.HD4V

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Hobbin's Belt, 850m south-east of White House Farm: part of Seven Hills barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 30 November 1925

Last Amended: 4 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011442

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21285

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Nacton

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Nacton

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow within Seven Hills barrow cemetery,
located beside the Ipswich-Felixstowe railway, in a narrow belt of woodland
bounded by the A1156, to the north, and the railway line to the south. The
barrow is visible as an irregular earthen mound, cut by the foundations of a
signal box, now completely demolished and removed, and by military trenches
dug during World War II. The original dimensions of the mound are not recorded
but, in their present condition, the earthworks stand to a height of c.1.8m
and cover an area measuring c.27m north-west to south-east and 16m north-east
to south-west. The highest part of the mound has been augmented by upcast from
a large trench, 4m wide, which runs north-east to south-west through it, and
the much lower area on the south-eastern side of the monument is cut by a
rectilinear complex of trenches, all c.1m wide. The remains of the original
barrow mound will be preserved beneath the spoil from these later features.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The barrow 850m south-east of White House Farm is a component of one of the
best examples of a round barrow cemetery in Suffolk and, as such, retains
important archaeological information in relation to the cemetery as a whole.
Most barrow cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often
many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the
early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite,
plan and form, frequently including different types of round barrow and,
wherever large scale investigation beyond barrows has been undertaken,
revealing contemporary or later 'flat' burials beyond the barrow mounds. The
barrow will contain archaeological deposits undisturbed by the construction
and subsequent removal of a signal box and by military trenching in World War
II, as has been demonstrated by excavation and evaluation of other, similarly
damaged barrows in neighbouring areas. Evidence concerning the construction of
the barrow, the manner and duration of its use, and also the local environment
at that time, will be preserved in the barrow mound and in the soils buried
beneath it. The Seven Hills cemetery is part of a larger group of round
barrows and circular ditched enclosures which extend in a line to the south-
east, over a distance of 3km, to Levington Heath. The former parish boundary
between Nacton, to the north, and Bucklesham and Foxhall, to the south,
follows the same line, showing a relationship which is of particular interest
for the prehistoric and medieval landscape history of the area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Wodderspoon, J, Memorials of Ipswich, (1850)
Other
Quoting NMR TM24SW15N, Suffolk SMR NAC 013,
Suffolk SMR ACQ30, 31,

Source: Historic England

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