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Deserted medieval settlement 300m ESE of Wraxall House

A Scheduled Monument in Wraxall and Failand, North Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4389 / 51°26'20"N

Longitude: -2.7386 / 2°44'18"W

OS Eastings: 348757.209801

OS Northings: 171362.865277

OS Grid: ST487713

Mapcode National: GBR JJ.NPT7

Mapcode Global: VH88R.H327

Entry Name: Deserted medieval settlement 300m ESE of Wraxall House

Scheduled Date: 13 December 1977

Last Amended: 27 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011259

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22840

County: North Somerset

Civil Parish: Wraxall and Failand

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a deserted medieval settlement situated on low-lying
ground adjacent to the River Yeo, 300m ESE of Wraxall House.
The monument is defined by the present extent of earthworks which represent
the remains of structures including houses, enclosures and an associated
irrigation system. The earthworks survive to a maximum height of 1.6m.
Among the earthwork remains at least two large building platforms can be
identified, at the north and in the centre of the site. The northern example
is 30m long and 10m wide and the central example 20m long and 8m wide. In the
north-eastern area of the settlement there is a windmill mound c.10m across
and c.1m high. Linking these features, and connecting with the River Yeo, is a
network of water channels, now dry, surviving up to 1.2m wide. These suggest
that the site may have had an industrial function, possibly including a
watermill, a further and possibly later example of which is located beyond the
monument c.300m downstream.
Partial excavation of the site in 1959 confirmed the medieval date of the
monument and also identified a structure of `L` shaped plan which dated to the
13th century AD. Finds of pottery dating to the 14th century suggest that the
site was occupied over an extended period.
Excluded from the scheduling are the field gate and all fence posts relating
to field boundaries although the ground beneath all these features is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

This site 300m ESE of Wraxall House is one of a number of medieval settlements
known in the area of Levels to the north-west of the Mendip Hills. This area
became more intensively occupied during the medieval period when large areas
were drained for the first time.
The site has an unusual form with earthworks suggesting use of the adjacent
watercourse to run a watermill.
The site survives well as earthworks, and partial excavation has demonstrated
the survival of buried archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the monument, its occupants, their economy and the landscape in
which they lived.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Sykes, C M, 'Medieval Archaeology' in Excavations At A Deserted Medieval Settlement Near Wraxall, , Vol. 5, (1961), 10
Other
Details of 14th century pottery,

Source: Historic England

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