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Round cairn 190m east of Doe Tor summit

A Scheduled Monument in Lydford, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6451 / 50°38'42"N

Longitude: -4.061 / 4°3'39"W

OS Eastings: 254378.336188

OS Northings: 84853.135906

OS Grid: SX543848

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.8LQT

Mapcode Global: FRA 27CC.KQV

Entry Name: Round cairn 190m east of Doe Tor summit

Scheduled Date: 23 July 1963

Last Amended: 4 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011232

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20350

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Lydford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Lydford St Petroc

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated on a gentle east-facing slope of
Doe Tor overlooking the valley of the Walla Brook. The cairn mound, which
measures 5.6m in diameter and 0.5m high, contains a cist orientated north
to south. The interior of this cist measures 1.3m long, 0.8m wide and 0.6m
deep. This cairn was partially excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee
in 1905. This work revealed that the cist had been robbed previously and the
only find was a small fragment of charcoal.
A possible capstone measuring 1m long by 0.7m wide lies immediately east of
the cairn mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 190m east of Doe Tor
summit survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Worth, R H, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Twenty-First Report of the Barrow Committee, , Vol. 37, (1905), 89-90
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SW56,
National Archaeological Record, SX58SW1,

Source: Historic England

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