Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Round cairn and stone cist 310m south of Walla Brook

A Scheduled Monument in Lydford, Devon

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 50.639 / 50°38'20"N

Longitude: -4.0701 / 4°4'12"W

OS Eastings: 253713.219499

OS Northings: 84189.572601

OS Grid: SX537841

Mapcode National: GBR NZ.94DK

Mapcode Global: FRA 27CD.24L

Entry Name: Round cairn and stone cist 310m south of Walla Brook

Scheduled Date: 11 January 1965

Last Amended: 22 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007537

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20340

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Lydford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a round cairn and stone cist situated on a gentle north
facing slope overlooking Walla Brook. The cairn mound is flat topped,
measures 9m in diameter and stands up to 0.5m high. A hollow in the centre of
the mound, suggests previous robbing or partial excavation. Within the hollow,
and situated on the south side, is a stone cist. The two end stones and the
southern side stone are still in their original position.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn and stone cist 310m
south of Walla Brook survive well and contain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which they were
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, 'Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities' in Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities - The North, , Vol. 2, (1991), 107
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978), 159

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.