Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 150m north-west of North Lodge, Cornbury Park

A Scheduled Monument in Charlbury, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.8665 / 51°51'59"N

Longitude: -1.4886 / 1°29'18"W

OS Eastings: 435311.134092

OS Northings: 218786.12193

OS Grid: SP353187

Mapcode National: GBR 6TM.VX0

Mapcode Global: VHBZP.4BXY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 150m north-west of North Lodge, Cornbury Park

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1949

Last Amended: 18 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011220

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21772

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Charlbury

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a gentle east-facing slope in
open parkland, 120m south-west of the River Evenlode.
The barrow mound measures 12.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.8m high. A
slight depression on the summit measures 3.8m east-west by 4.1m north-south
and is 0.2m deep. This may represent an early excavation of the site.
Surrounding the mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a quarry
ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has
become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature c.3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow 150m north-west of North Lodge in
Cornbury Park survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which
it was built.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Benson, D, The Victoria History of the County of Oxfordshire: Volume II, (1907)
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Field observations, Armstrong, L., AM 107, (1978)
PRN 2293, C.A.O., Round Barrow North West of North Lodge,

Source: Historic England

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