Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 450m north-east of Mazon Wath

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Garrett, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.4708 / 54°28'14"N

Longitude: -2.4763 / 2°28'34"W

OS Eastings: 369225.792047

OS Northings: 508481.904664

OS Grid: NY692084

Mapcode National: GBR CJ4R.P4

Mapcode Global: WH93C.XWZJ

Entry Name: Round cairn 450m north-east of Mazon Wath

Scheduled Date: 11 April 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011155

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23625

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Garrett

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Asby St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on the southern edge of limestone upland
known as Little Asby Scar. It includes an oval mound of largely turf-covered
limestone rubble up to 1.2m high with maximum dimensions of 13.3m by 11.5m.
There is a central hollow c.2m in diameter and 0.4m deep indicating unrecorded
limited antiquarian investigation.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre, the round
cairn 450m north-east of Mazon Wath survives reasonably well. It will contain
undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old
land surface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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