Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 490m ENE of Grange Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Asby, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.4942 / 54°29'38"N

Longitude: -2.4813 / 2°28'52"W

OS Eastings: 368924.607

OS Northings: 511087.043986

OS Grid: NY689110

Mapcode National: GBR CJ3G.MR

Mapcode Global: WH93C.V9MK

Entry Name: Round cairn 490m ENE of Grange Hall

Scheduled Date: 11 April 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011154

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23624

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Asby

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Asby St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a slightly mutilated round cairn located on relatively flat
land 490m ENE of Grange Hall. It includes a largely turf-covered oval mound of
limestone rubble up to 0.9m high with maximum dimensions of 19.5m by 17.5m. At
the monument's centre is a sub-rectangular hollow measuring 4.5m by 1.3m and
0.35m deep created by 18th-century investigation of the mound. This
investigation located a human skeleton.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite a combination of small-scale quarrying of the monument's northern edge
and limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the mound, the round
cairn 490m ENE of Grange Hall survives reasonably well. This investigation
located a human skeleton and further evidence of interments will exist within
the mound and upon the old land surface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Hodgson, Reverend J , Beauties of East & West Westmorland152
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)
SMR No. 1757, Cumbria SMR, Grange Hall, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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