Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Round cairn 460m NNE of Broadfell

A Scheduled Monument in Orton, Cumbria

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4827 / 54°28'57"N

Longitude: -2.5751 / 2°34'30"W

OS Eastings: 362836.408709

OS Northings: 509858.268832

OS Grid: NY628098

Mapcode National: GBR BJGL.9V

Mapcode Global: WH93B.FL0B

Entry Name: Round cairn 460m NNE of Broadfell

Scheduled Date: 27 July 1964

Last Amended: 17 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011153

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23623

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Orton

Built-Up Area: Orton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Orton with Tebay All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on Orton Scar 460m NNE of Broadfell and
adjacent to the highest point attained by the road connecting Orton and
Appleby. It includes a slightly oval, largely turf-covered mound of limestone
rubble up to 1.2m high with maximum dimensions of 17.7m by 17.5m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite minor surface disturbance to the monument's summit, the round cairn
460m NNE of Broadfell survives reasonably well. It is a rare survival in
Cumbria of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain
undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land
surface beneath.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Crow, J., FMW report, (1986)
Cumbria SMR, Cairn 1/3 mile N of Broadfell, (1987)
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.