Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 220m West of Broom House

A Scheduled Monument in Wallington Demesne, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.1566 / 55°9'23"N

Longitude: -1.9835 / 1°59'0"W

OS Eastings: 401146.649807

OS Northings: 584698.148115

OS Grid: NZ011846

Mapcode National: GBR G8LT.C9

Mapcode Global: WHB1G.HNP7

Entry Name: Round cairn, 220m West of Broom House

Scheduled Date: 29 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011104

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21000

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Wallington Demesne

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Kirkwhelpington with Kirkharle and Kirkheaton

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on level
ground at the foot of two locally prominent hillocks. The cairn, composed of
earth and stone, is 16m in diameter and a maximum of 1.2m high. At the centre
of the cairn there is a hollow disturbance in which the cairn material is
visible; this was caused by the partial excavation of the mound by Canon W
Greenwell in the 19th century. During these excavations the cremated
body of an adult was discovered immediately west of the centre, lying in a
slight hollow along with the cremated body of a child placed in a Bronze Age
pottery vessel. At the centre of the mound fragments of a further cremation
and a vessel were discovered; these had been damaged by the later erection of
a cattle rubbing post on the mound. Both urns are now held in the British

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the round cairn has been subject to partial exavation in the past,
the extent of disturbance is limited to the central area; archaeological
deposits which survive across the entire cairn remain undisturbed. The
monument will contribute to any study of the nature and extent of Bronze Age
settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877), 433
Hope-Dodds, M, The Victoria History of the County of Northumberland: Volume XV, (1940), 52

Source: Historic England

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