Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 120m ENE of Kingscrag Gate

A Scheduled Monument in Haydon, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.0317 / 55°1'54"N

Longitude: -2.3212 / 2°19'16"W

OS Eastings: 379563.942178

OS Northings: 570849.3616

OS Grid: NY795708

Mapcode National: GBR DB78.81

Mapcode Global: WH90R.9SWG

Entry Name: Round cairn, 120m ENE of Kingscrag Gate

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011079

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20980

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Haydon

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Simonburn

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated at the bottom
of a south-facing slope, beneath King's Crags. The cairn, which is composed of
loose stone, is 9m in diameter and has a maximum height of 0.6m. There is a
hollow in the centre of the cairn, the result of partial excavation in the
19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the round cairn has been subject to partial excavation in the past,
the extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive well.
The monument is one of a number of contemporary monuments in the vicinity;
taken together, these monuments provide a clear indication of the extent of
Bronze Age settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England


NY 77 SE 03,

Source: Historic England

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