Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 120m south of King's Crags

A Scheduled Monument in Haydon, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.0336 / 55°2'0"N

Longitude: -2.3164 / 2°18'59"W

OS Eastings: 379871.75968

OS Northings: 571053.378058

OS Grid: NY798710

Mapcode National: GBR DB87.9D

Mapcode Global: WH90R.DR51

Entry Name: Round cairn, 120m south of King's Crags

Scheduled Date: 16 November 1965

Last Amended: 16 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011077

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20977

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Haydon

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Simonburn

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on a gentle
south-facing slope, beneath King's Crags. The cairn, which is composed of
loose stone and only partly turfed, is 17m in diameter and has a maximum
height of 1.1m. Despite the fact that the south-eastern quadrant of the cairn
has been robbed of stone in the past, the cairn is well preserved.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn south of King's Crags survives reasonably well. Evidence of
the manner of construction, and the nature and duration of its use will be
preserved within and beneath the mound. The monument is one of a number of
similar monuments in the immediate vicinity; taken together, these monuments
provide a clear indication of the extent of Bronze Age settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England


NY 77 SE 04,

Source: Historic England

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