Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at Burnhill Green

A Scheduled Monument in Pattingham and Patshull, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 52.6043 / 52°36'15"N

Longitude: -2.3156 / 2°18'56"W

OS Eastings: 378723.739586

OS Northings: 300764.872842

OS Grid: SJ787007

Mapcode National: GBR 07N.PDT

Mapcode Global: WH9DK.DSLW

Entry Name: Moated site at Burnhill Green

Scheduled Date: 9 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011059

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21523

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Pattingham and Patshull

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Pattingham St Chad

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a moated site situated 140m north-west of the Dartmouth
Arms public house in Burnhill Green.
The island within the moat measures approximately 28m square and is raised by
more than 1m above the surrounding ground surface. Ex situ sandstone blocks
are evident on the moated island and faced stone has been exposed by tree
roots on its northern edge. Three sides of the moat are visible on the ground
surface and the eastern arm has been infilled but will survive as a buried
feature. The moat is up to 8m wide and 2m deep and is waterlogged at the
north-western corner. The western arm of the moat projects northwards
slightly. There are traces of an external bank on the western arm of the moat.
The fence posts on the monument are excluded from the scheduling but the
ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument survives well and is unencumbered by modern development. The
moated site will retain structural and artefactual evidence for the
environment and economy of its inhabitants.

Source: Historic England

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