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Moated site in Reynold's Orchard

A Scheduled Monument in Eccleshall, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.8975 / 52°53'50"N

Longitude: -2.3461 / 2°20'45"W

OS Eastings: 376814.713477

OS Northings: 333389.879155

OS Grid: SJ768333

Mapcode National: GBR 044.7PP

Mapcode Global: WH9C5.XFZL

Entry Name: Moated site in Reynold's Orchard

Scheduled Date: 11 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011051

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21514

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Eccleshall

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Broughton St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes a moated site situated in Reynold's Orchard, 360m
south-east of St Peter's Church, Eccleshall.
The moated site includes a slightly raised island which measures 30m NE-SW by
16m NW-SE. The surface of the island is uneven. The four arms of the moat are
visible on the ground surface. The north-western and south-eastern arms are
partly waterlogged and are approximately 10m wide. The south-western and
north-eastern arms are partly infilled with vegetation and measure up to 5m
wide.
There is a slight rise in the ground surface parallel to the south-western
edge of the moat. This is considered to be the remains of an external bank.
There is a slight break in the external bank at the southern corner of the
moat and it represents the location of the moat's outlet channel. The moat
ditch projects a further 8m west beyond the edge of the moated site at its
western corner.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site in Reynold's Orchard survives well and is unencumbered by
modern development. Organic material will be preserved within the waterlogged
sections of the moat and the moated island will retain considerable
archaeological evidence for the buildings which originally occupied it.

Source: Historic England

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