Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cromwell's Low bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Newton Grange, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.0711 / 53°4'15"N

Longitude: -1.7724 / 1°46'20"W

OS Eastings: 415344.663953

OS Northings: 352670.61323

OS Grid: SK153526

Mapcode National: GBR 482.GQC

Mapcode Global: WHCDY.R25H

Entry Name: Cromwell's Low bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1969

Last Amended: 10 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010968

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13319

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Newton Grange

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Tissington St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Derby


Cromwell's Low bowl barrow is a sub-circular cairn in a ridge-top location in
the south-western ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument
includes a mound measuring 19m by 16m and standing c.1.3m high. This was
partially excavated by Thomas Bateman in 1848 and found to contain, at the
centre, a rock-cut grave covered by two limestone slabs in which was deposited
a cremation burial accompanied by a fragment of antler and a food vessel
indicating a Bronze Age date for the barrow. Outside the grave, on the old
land surface beneath the barrow, were found the disturbed remains of two
skeletons in association with iron nails or rivets, buckles and the fittings
of a shield. These indicate the re-use of the barrow in the Anglian period.
Excluded from the scheduling are the drystone walls crossing the edge of the
monument, although the ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some disturbance caused by excavation, Cromwell's Low bowl barrow is
still a well preserved example containing further significant archaeological

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 27
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 97
Fowler, M, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in The Transition from the Late the Peak District, (1955)
Manby, T G, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Food Vessels of the Peak District (1957), , Vol. 77, (1957), 24

Source: Historic England

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