Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Disc barrow 400m north of A344, south east of Greenland Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1886 / 51°11'18"N

Longitude: -1.8559 / 1°51'21"W

OS Eastings: 410163.03567

OS Northings: 143274.55367

OS Grid: SU101432

Mapcode National: GBR 3YG.KKP

Mapcode Global: VHB59.SD65

Entry Name: Disc barrow 400m north of A344, south east of Greenland Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1952

Last Amended: 20 June 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010902

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10352

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Stoke

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Winterbourne Stoke St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a disc barrow located 400m north of the A344, south east
of Greenland Farm on a gentle south-facing slope of Winterbourne Stoke Down.
The mound survives as a slight earthwork c.0.3m high and c.15m in diameter and
is surrounded by a berm, quarry ditch and outer bank. The ditch, which
survives as a buried feature, and the outer bank, are now difficult to
identify on the ground but are visible as soilmarks on aerial photographs from
which the overall diameter of the barrow is calculated to be c.55m. Partial
excavation in the 19th century revealed a primary cremation with an awl.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath these
features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use. In
view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments of
this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified as
nationally important.
Disc barrows, the most fragile type of round barrow, are funerary monuments of
the Early Bronze Age, with most examples dating to the period 1400-1200 BC.
They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries. Disc barrows
were constructed as a circular or oval area of level ground defined by a bank
and internal ditch and containing one or more central or eccentrically located
small, low mounds, covering burials, usually in pits. The burials, normally
cremations, are frequently accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal
ornaments. It has been suggested that disc barrows were normally used for the
burial of women, although this remains unproven. However, it is likely that
the individuals buried were of high status. Disc barrows are rare nationally,
with about 250 examples, many of which are in Wessex. Twenty-nine examples are
known from the Stonehenge area. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst
prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England, as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation.

The disc barrow 400m north of the A344, south east of Greenland Farm is known
from partial excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 221
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 165
SACA 328-2828-4, Crawford, -, -, (1921)

Source: Historic England

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