Ancient Monuments

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Enclosure east of an agglomerated enclosure south-east of Yealm Steps

A Scheduled Monument in Cornwood, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4556 / 50°27'20"N

Longitude: -3.9407 / 3°56'26"W

OS Eastings: 262328.980031

OS Northings: 63550.804753

OS Grid: SX623635

Mapcode National: GBR Q6.MMJ8

Mapcode Global: FRA 27MV.JKR

Entry Name: Enclosure east of an agglomerated enclosure south-east of Yealm Steps

Scheduled Date: 26 March 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010805

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10853

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornwood

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This enclosure lies on a south facing slope some 200m east of an agglomerated
enclosure, which lies south-east of Yealm Steps and north of Ranny Brook. It
consists of a bank of stone and earth 0.5m in width and 0.4m in height,
encompassing an oval area 18m by 16m in length and breadth. This enclosure is
near a concentration of enclosures and hut circles north of the confluence of
Ranny Brook and the River Yealm.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time.

Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land
enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the
Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist.
They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and
were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for
farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary
considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form,
longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important
information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices
amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This enclosure lies close to other enclosures and several hut circles which
form a concentration of occupation evidence north of the confluence of Ranny
Brook and the River Yealm.

Source: Historic England


SX66SW, (1991)

Source: Historic England

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