Ancient Monuments

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Pain's End moated site.

A Scheduled Monument in Anstey, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 51.9818 / 51°58'54"N

Longitude: 0.042 / 0°2'31"E

OS Eastings: 540335.566983

OS Northings: 233448.205321

OS Grid: TL403334

Mapcode National: GBR L9W.RFX

Mapcode Global: VHHL6.PG23

Entry Name: Pain's End moated site.

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010749

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20607

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Anstey

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Anstey

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


This monument is a single island moat situated to the north-east of Anstey.
It is one of a group of three in the village. It is a permanently waterfilled
moat, measuring about 60m east- west by 35m north-south, and has one causeway
on the south side which is 7m wide.

The arms measure between 7m to 10m in width and up to 12m in depth. The
north-west corner of the moat is wider by about 2.5m and forms a slight bulge.
There are two modern drains leading into the southern arm of the moat which
are excluded from the scheduling. The island, which measures about 40m
by 20m, is at the same level as the surrounding ground. It is considered to
have been used either as a garden or orchard. Around the village of Anstey
there are two other moats, both at Hale Farm, east of the village.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Pain's End moated site is in good condition and is constantly waterlogged
giving it high potential for the preservation of organic deposits. The
monument is one of a group of three moats in the village of Anstey.

Source: Historic England

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