Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 300m south west of Heathfield Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Thorverton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.7907 / 50°47'26"N

Longitude: -3.5445 / 3°32'40"W

OS Eastings: 291228.788765

OS Northings: 100154.148919

OS Grid: SS912001

Mapcode National: GBR LF.ZHW0

Mapcode Global: FRA 37G0.2Y7

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 300m SW of Heathfield Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 September 1931

Last Amended: 4 September 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010630

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15013

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Thorverton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Upton Pyne Church of our Lady

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument is a bowl barrow which survives as a grass-covered earthen
mound 46m in diameter and 2.5m high. There is no visible or recorded
evidence that this barrow has been excavated. The barrow stands in the floor
of an alluvial basin close to the gently rising ground leading to the Raddon
Hills to the north.
This barrow is an isolated example lying near the northern edge of the Upton
Pyne barrow group, which comprises over thirty recorded barrows dispersed
about the low-lying alluvial basin north of the confluences of the River Exe
with the Rivers Culm and Creedy. Within the overall group, barrows occur
both as isolated examples and forming localised clusters. Grave goods and a
radiocarbon date derived from the few partly-excavated barrows in the group
indicate burials during the early and middle Bronze Age (around 2000 - 1000
BC). All of the upstanding barrows in this group present the surface
appearance of unditched bowl barrows, the absence of ditches being supported
by aerial photographic evidence and confirmed for all examples that have
been excavated.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

This bowl barrow is one of the best preserved examples within the Upton Pyne
barrow group and has survived without any recorded previous disturbance; each
excavation of other members of this group has produced excellent construction
and funerary information, sometimes coupled with a rich array of grave goods;
consequently there is a high expectation that a similar quality of evidence
survives intact at this monument. The unusual low-lying position of the Upton
Pyne barrow group, its good overall preservation, and the quality of the
dating, constructional and artefactual information that it has already
produced, have all resulted in its frequent mention in national reviews of
Bronze Age funerary monuments.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Todd, M, The South-West to A.D. 1000, (1987), 148-50
Devon SMR entries for SX 99 NW-026, -027 and -052,
Devon SMR entries for SX 99 NW-119 and -120,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-021,
Fox, A., South-West England, (1964)

Source: Historic England

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