Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 450m SSE of Stevenstone Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Brampford Speke, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7812 / 50°46'52"N

Longitude: -3.546 / 3°32'45"W

OS Eastings: 291102.416545

OS Northings: 99095.767745

OS Grid: SX911990

Mapcode National: GBR P0.L1TW

Mapcode Global: FRA 37G0.VRS

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 450m SSE of Stevenstone Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 September 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015974

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15023

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Brampford Speke

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Upton Pyne Church of our Lady

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow surviving as a low mound, 25m in diameter and
0.4m high, also visible on air photographs, in a ploughed arable field.
Despite its low surface profile, extensive sub surface mound layers and intact
funerary deposits are considered likely to survive. As excavation of a nearby
barrow revealed, barrows in this group were terraced into the slope and have
been preserved by subsequent soil build-up. In addition, there is no visible
or recorded evidence that the barrow has been excavated and the deposits
should remain in an intact, undisturbed state. This barrow is situated on the
E slope of a very slight spur overlooking a broad shallow valley at the centre
of the area covered by the Upton Pyne barrow group. This group comprises over
thirty recorded barrows dispersed about a low-lying alluvial basin north of
the confluences of the River Exe with the Rivers Culm and Creedy. Within the
overall group barrows occur both as isolated examples and as localised
clusters. Grave goods and a radiocarbon date derived from the few partly-
excavated barrows in the group indicate burials during the early and middle
Bronze Age (around 2000 - 1000 BC) . All of the upstanding barrows in the
group present the appearance of unditched bowl barrows, the absence of ditches
being supported by air photographic evidence and confirmed for all examples
that have been excavated.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

This bowl barrow has survived without any recorded previous disturbance, apart
from the surface ploughing, near the centre of the Upton Pyne barrow group,
whose unusual low-lying position, good overall preservation, and quality of
the dating, constructional and artefactual information already produced, have
all resulted in its frequent mention in national reviews of Bronze Age
funerary monuments.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Todd, M, The South-West to A.D. 1000, (1987), 148-150
Fox, A, 'Proc. Devon Arch. Soc.' in The Upton Pyne Cemetery, , Vol. 27, (1969), 75-78
Pollard, S H M, Russell, P, 'Proc. Devon Arch. Soc.' in Excavation of Round Barrow 248b, Upton Pyne, Exeter, , Vol. 27, (1969), 49-78
Other
Devon SMR entries for SX 99 NW-026, -027 and -052,
Devon SMR entries for SX 99 NW-119 and -120,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-013,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-021,
Fox, A., South-West England, (1964)
Griffith, F, DAP/CG3 (16/7/1984) in Devon SMR, (1984)

Source: Historic England

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