Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows on Stonepit Hills

A Scheduled Monument in Grimston, Norfolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7744 / 52°46'27"N

Longitude: 0.6031 / 0°36'11"E

OS Eastings: 575687.566181

OS Northings: 322819.094744

OS Grid: TF756228

Mapcode National: GBR Q6G.392

Mapcode Global: WHKQ8.7JFG

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows on Stonepit Hills

Scheduled Date: 2 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010566

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21353

County: Norfolk

Civil Parish: Grimston

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Details

The monument includes two adjacent bowl barrows, situated on the end of a
gravel spur above a steep, south west facing slope overlooking Massingham
Road. The site was formerly heathland. The barrows are visible as earthen
mounds c.19m apart. The smaller of the two mounds stands to a height of
c.1.5m and covers a circular area c.18m in diameter. The second mound, which
lies ESE of the first, measures c.1.7m high and c.26m in diameter. The ground
immediately to the south of the barrows falls in a steep scarp. On the
north, west and east sides, however, the mounds are enclosed by ditches which
have become infilled but which will survive as buried features. Around the
north and east side of the eastern barrow, the line of the ditch is followed
by a later hollow track with a slight bank alongside, which is included in the
scheduling. The site of the ditch to the north of the western barrow is
marked by a slight hollow in the ground surface. The dating of the barrows to
the Early Bronze Age is supported by finds of a fragment of prehistoric
pottery and a worked flint on the western mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The two barrows on Stonepit Hills survive well. Archaeological information
concerning their construction and the manner and duration of their use, as
well as evidence for the local environment at that time, will be contained in
the mounds, in soils buried beneath the mounds and in the fill of the
ditches.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Clarke, RR, 2330: West Norfolk, Grimston, (1953)
Lawson, AJ, 2331: West Norfolk, Grimston, (1974)

Source: Historic England

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