Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow known as Hill of Peace, 290m north west of Gatehouse Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Gayton, Norfolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7386 / 52°44'18"N

Longitude: 0.5799 / 0°34'47"E

OS Eastings: 574266.108811

OS Northings: 318783.705437

OS Grid: TF742187

Mapcode National: GBR P5H.9FR

Mapcode Global: WHKQF.WF9C

Entry Name: Bowl barrow known as Hill of Peace, 290m north west of Gatehouse Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019332

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30584

County: Norfolk

Civil Parish: Gayton

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a low rise overlooking the
hamlet of Gayton Thorpe to the south. The barrow is visible as a circular
earthen mound standing to a height of approximately 1m and measuring
approximately 30m in diameter at the base. A ditch encircles the mound,
extending up to 3m beyond the base, and although this has become completely
infilled, its survival as a buried feature has been confirmed by crop marks
(lines of differential plant growth) recorded on aerial photographs.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow known as Hill of Peace, 290m north west of Gatehouse Farm
survives well and archaeological information concerning its construction and
use will be contained in the mound and in the fill of the buried ditch.
Evidence for earlier land use and past local environment is also likely to be
preserved in the buried soils beneath the mound.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Cutting, W A, Gleanings about Gayton in the Olden Time, (1898)

Source: Historic England

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