Ancient Monuments

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Cairn on Great Close Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Malham Moor, North Yorkshire

Approximate Location Map
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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0971 / 54°5'49"N

Longitude: -2.1508 / 2°9'2"W

OS Eastings: 390235.476465

OS Northings: 466806.358019

OS Grid: SD902668

Mapcode National: GBR FPF2.42

Mapcode Global: WHB6L.X8ZY

Entry Name: Cairn on Great Close Hill

Scheduled Date: 29 December 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010543

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24514

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Malham Moor

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkby-in-Malhamdale St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The cairn is situated in a commanding position on the summit of Great
Close Hill overlooking Malham Tarn and is visible from a great distance. It
has a maximum height of 1.8m and a diameter of 17m. The centre of the monument
has been hollowed and the stones used to build a modern cairn on its southern
edge. The cairn was excavated in 1936 by Mr T Lord and found to contain
multiple burials.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The monument, although partially disturbed by excavation, is still a well
preserved example containing further archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

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