Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Hanging Bank bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Wetton, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.1172 / 53°7'1"N

Longitude: -1.8569 / 1°51'24"W

OS Eastings: 409677.177059

OS Northings: 357784.397065

OS Grid: SK096577

Mapcode National: GBR 361.KD1

Mapcode Global: WHCDJ.GX06

Entry Name: Hanging Bank bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 3 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010387

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13561

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Wetton

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Wetton St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes Hanging Bank bowl barrow located at the southwestern end
of the summit ridge of Ecton Hill. It survives as a slightly oval earthen
mound up to 1.3m high with maximum dimensions of 20m by 19m. The central area
of the barrow has a hollow measuring 9m diameter and up to 0.6m deep that is a
product of limited antiquarian investigations. These investigations located
three cremations, one of which had been placed in an urn, two inhumations,
flint and bone artefacts, pottery, red ochre, and animal remains including
antler, horse teeth and boar tusk.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited antiquarian investigations at the monument's centre Hanging
Bank bowl barrow survives well. These investigations located human and faunal
remains, pottery, flint and bone artefacts, and further similar evidence of
interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 147
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 111
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Plot, Plot, (1686)

Source: Historic England

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