Ancient Monuments

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Top of Ecton bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Wetton, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1134 / 53°6'48"N

Longitude: -1.857 / 1°51'25"W

OS Eastings: 409667.142801

OS Northings: 357362.266001

OS Grid: SK096573

Mapcode National: GBR 361.Z5D

Mapcode Global: WHCDQ.F0YK

Entry Name: Top of Ecton bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 1 November 1966

Last Amended: 10 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010117

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13560

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Wetton

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Wetton St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes the Top of Ecton bowl barrow located on the crest of the
southern part of the ridge of Ecton Hill, 130m west of Summerhill Farm. It
survives as a slightly oval earth and stone mound up to 0.4m high with maximum
dimensions of 15m by 14m. Limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow's
centre located a number of finds on the old landsurface. These included six
contracted inhumations, some with flint artefacts, and a cremation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's central area the
Top of Ecton bowl barrow survives reasonably well. This investigation located
human remains and associated artefacts, and further evidence of interments and
grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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