Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 800m ESE of Lambadla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5203 / 50°31'13"N

Longitude: -4.4764 / 4°28'35"W

OS Eastings: 224544.210249

OS Northings: 71876.269602

OS Grid: SX245718

Mapcode National: GBR NF.JFZP

Mapcode Global: FRA 17HP.CW5

Entry Name: Round cairn 800m ESE of Lambadla Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 March 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010326

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15060

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument comprises a small round cairn near the centre of Craddock Moor on
south-east Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a small circular mound, 4m diameter and 0.5m high, of
heaped small to medium sized stones. The cairn is largely turf-covered; one
exposed stone on the west edge of the cairn is visible set on edge. The form
of this cairn is clear, showing no evidence for any previous disturbance. It
was surveyed and recorded in 1984 but has not been archaeologically excavated.
It is one of three similar cairns dispersed about a NW-facing hillside near
the centre of Craddock Moor amid an extensive area of funerary and ceremonial
monuments typical of the early and middle Bronze Age (c.2000 - 1000 BC) on the
Craddock and Rillaton Moors.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on Craddock Moor survives well and has not been excavated.
The cairn's importance is further enhanced by its situation within a wider
grouping of differing but broadly contemporary classes of funerary and
ceremonial monuments on Craddock Moor, demonstrating well both the diversity
and the organisation of burial practice and ritual during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2471,
CAU/RCHME, The Bodmin Moor Survey, Unpubl. draft text. Ch.4, 1.3, fig 17
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1279.2,

Source: Historic England

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