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Round cairn 825m ENE of Sparretts Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5226 / 50°31'21"N

Longitude: -4.4784 / 4°28'42"W

OS Eastings: 224416.380753

OS Northings: 72130.040931

OS Grid: SX244721

Mapcode National: GBR NF.JFHM

Mapcode Global: FRA 17HP.547

Entry Name: Round cairn 825m ENE of Sparretts Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 March 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010243

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15067

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument comprises a round cairn, part of a dispersed group of cairns
situated on Craddock Moor on south-east Bodmin Moor.
This cairn survives as a sub-circular mound, 8.5m diameter and 1m high,
composed of heaped small and medium-sized stones up to 0.3m across. The mound
is largely turf-covered with only limited evidence for previous disturbance in
the form of two hollows, each 4m long by 2.5m wide and 0.4m deep, visible in
the mound's western half. The mound is circular except where there is spoil
from digging these hollows. These features result from a limited stone-
robbing episode long since ceased as both hollows and their spoil spread are
now thickly turf-covered. This cairn has been surveyed but it has not been
archaeologically excavated. It forms part of a dispersed group of seventeen
cairns close to a Prehistoric embanked avenue. The group is situated in the
floor of a broad valley near the NW edge of an extensive area of funerary and
ceremonial monuments typical of the early and middle Bronze Age (c.2000 - 1000
BC) on the Craddock and Rillaton Moors.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on Craddock Moor survives substantially intact despite the
earlier actions of stone robbers and it will retain many of its original
features, including burial deposits. The cairn's importance is further
enhanced by its situation within a wider grouping of differing but broadly
contemporary classes of funerary and ceremonial monuments on Craddock Moor,
demonstrating well both the diversity and the organisation of burial practice
and ritual during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
CAU/RCHME, The Bodmin Moor Survey, Unpubl. draft text. Ch.4, 1.3, fig 17
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1291.03,

Source: Historic England

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