Ancient Monuments

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Recumbent standing stone on Pen-y-wern Hill, 150m south east of a ring cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Clun, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.4019 / 52°24'6"N

Longitude: -3.0096 / 3°0'34"W

OS Eastings: 331406.782082

OS Northings: 278686.973024

OS Grid: SO314786

Mapcode National: GBR B5.PZNR

Mapcode Global: VH769.SW9L

Entry Name: Recumbent standing stone on Pen-y-wern Hill, 150m south east of a ring cairn

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1932

Last Amended: 7 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010318

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19166

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Clun

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Chapel Lawn

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes a recumbent standing stone situated on the rounded
summit of Pen-y-wern Hill. The stone lies at the junction of two fields 150m
south east of a ring cairn with which it is believed to be associated. It
measures 2.3m long by 0.8m wide and has a minimum depth of 0.5m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few
excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs,
ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often
conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can
be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round
barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included
stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth
containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds.
Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones,
which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and
ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways,
territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show
they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual
monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and
domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing
stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant
examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in
Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds.
Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high
longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late
Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and
those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be
considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone on Pen-y-wern Hill, although lying recumbent, is a good
example of its class. The relationship of the stone to the ring cairn, which
lies 150m to the north west, is regarded as important. If the stone is in its
original position it will also retain evidence relating to its erection and
subsequent use.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SMR record no 01162, Chitty, L F,

Source: Historic England

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