Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow in Fawley Inclosure

A Scheduled Monument in Hythe and Dibden, Hampshire

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Latitude: 50.8461 / 50°50'46"N

Longitude: -1.4196 / 1°25'10"W

OS Eastings: 440959.444523

OS Northings: 105337.468517

OS Grid: SU409053

Mapcode National: GBR 773.V89

Mapcode Global: FRA 76XV.W7R

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Fawley Inclosure

Scheduled Date: 15 July 1963

Last Amended: 3 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010298

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20327

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Hythe and Dibden

Built-Up Area: Hythe

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire


This monument includes a bowl barrow set on level ground overlooking Flash
Pond. The barrow mound measures 10.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.8m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the barrow. This has become partly infilled during the years,
but survives as a slight earthwork 2m wide and 0.3m deep.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow in Fawley Inclosure survives comparatively well within the New
Forest, an area which is known to have been important in terms of lowland
Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has
survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result
of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of
a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938)

Source: Historic England

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