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Two bell barrows, two bowl barrows and a short length of field boundary south-east of The Noads

A Scheduled Monument in Hythe and Dibden, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.844 / 50°50'38"N

Longitude: -1.428 / 1°25'40"W

OS Eastings: 440365.145291

OS Northings: 105097.589792

OS Grid: SU403050

Mapcode National: GBR 778.5R2

Mapcode Global: FRA 76WV.ZDK

Entry Name: Two bell barrows, two bowl barrows and a short length of field boundary south-east of The Noads

Scheduled Date: 16 September 1963

Last Amended: 30 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009003

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20266

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Hythe and Dibden

Built-Up Area: Hythe

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

This monument includes two bell barrows, two bowl barrows and a short length
of field boundary situated on lowland heath overlooking Flash Pond. All four
barrows have at least one hollow in the centre of their mounds suggesting
previous robbing or partial excavation. The southern bell barrow mound
measures 25m in diameter and stands up to 2.6m high. Surrounding the mound is
a level berm, surviving to an average width of 3.5m, a ditch, from which
material was quarried during the construction of the barrow and an outer bank.
The ditch has become partly infilled over the years but survives as a slight
earthwork 3.5m wide and 0.75m deep; the bank is 4m wide and 0.15m high and
survives only on the eastern edge of the ditch. The overall diameter of this
barrow is 43m. Lying 7m to the north are two contiguous bowl barrows enclosed
in a single oval ditch. The southern mound measures 28m in diameter and 1.7m
high and the northern measures 26m in diameter and 2m high. The surrounding
ditch measures 2m wide and 0.4m deep and is broken by a 4m wide causeway at
the southern end. The northern bell barrow mound measures 21.5m in diameter
and stands up to 1.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a berm which has an
average width of 1.8m and a ditch which is 1.8m wide and 0.4m deep. The
southern length of ditch overlaps with the ditch of the northern bowl barrow.
The overall diameter of this barrow is 28.7m.
These barrows lie within a relict field system of contemporary date and a
boundary bank runs into the eastern edge of the oval ditch surrounding the
bowl barrows.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

In addition to the bell barrows, the monument includes two bowl barrows.
These are the most numerous form of round barrow; they are funerary monuments
dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400 - 1500 bc. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials.
They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a
focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although
differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a
diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows
recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across
most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy
prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern
landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument
type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisation amongst early Prehistoric communities. They are particularly
representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving
examples are considered worthy of protection.
Despite evidence for partial excavation, the group of barrows south-east of
The Noads is important in view of the association between bowl and bell
barrows, giving an indication of the nature of burial in this area during the
Bronze Age period. Furthermore, the New Forest is known to have been
important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of
archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of
agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development
of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1938), 211
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1938), 195

Source: Historic England

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