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Two bowl barrows on the parish boundary to the south west of the B3174, forming part of a dispersed barrow group on Farway Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Farway, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7481 / 50°44'53"N

Longitude: -3.1871 / 3°11'13"W

OS Eastings: 316347.5307

OS Northings: 94954.004376

OS Grid: SY163949

Mapcode National: GBR P9.Y8Z7

Mapcode Global: FRA 4763.J5Y

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows on the parish boundary to the south west of the B3174, forming part of a dispersed barrow group on Farway Hill

Scheduled Date: 16 January 1951

Last Amended: 31 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010272

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24958

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Farway

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Farway St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The Farway Hill barrows are situated in south east Devon on the high ground
of an extensive Greensand plateau in an area some 8km south of Honiton where
it forms the watershed of the River Sid. These funerary monuments are grouped
around Farway Castle, a substantial circular earthwork enclosure which is
believed to be contemporary.
The monument includes two barrows aligned roughly east/west and situated on
the crest of a ridge.
To the east is a bowl barrow 15m in diameter and 1m in height, with an even
rounded profile. There is no evidence of a ditch.
To the west is a substantial bowl barrow 26m in diameter and 2.1m in height,
with an even rounded profile. It is surrounded by a largely infilled ditch
about 2.5m wide and 0.3m deep, from which material was quarried for the
construction of the barrow. The ditch is prone to waterlogging, and is best
preserved on the north side of the barrow. A farm track overlies the south
west edge of the mound. A small stone marking a change in alignment of the
parish boundary is set in the top of the mound.
Excluded from the monument are all fence posts, but the ground beneath them
is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The Farway Hill barrows, a number of which form a barrow cemetery, comprise
the central section of the most extensive and densest concentration of barrows
in Devon. Their association with Farway Castle adds additional depth to this
relict ritual landscape. Limited archaeological excavations of some of the
barrows have revealed that they have a remarkable diversity in size and form,
and in the nature of their funerary contents.
These two barrows survive in good condition and form an integral part of the
wider group.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Fox, A, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Broad Down (Farway) Necropolis, , Vol. 4, (1948), 1-19
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 5-46
Hutchinson, , 'Report and Transactions of the Devonshire Association' in Report on Barrows near Sidmouth, , Vol. 12, (1880)
Simpson, S, Noble, S, 'Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report' in Archaeological Survey & Management Study of Areas of E Devon, , Vol. 93.38, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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