Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows to the north west of Roncombe Gate Farm, forming part of a dispersed barrow group on Farway Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Farway, Devon

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Latitude: 50.7462 / 50°44'46"N

Longitude: -3.1838 / 3°11'1"W

OS Eastings: 316578.111866

OS Northings: 94733.299743

OS Grid: SY165947

Mapcode National: GBR P9.YHVK

Mapcode Global: FRA 4763.RGG

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows to the north west of Roncombe Gate Farm, forming part of a dispersed barrow group on Farway Hill

Scheduled Date: 16 January 1951

Last Amended: 31 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010271

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24957

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Farway

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Sidbury with Sidford

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The Farway Hill barrows are situated in south east Devon on the high ground
of an extensive Greensand plateau in an area some 8km south of Honiton where
it forms the watershed of the River Sid. These funerary monuments are grouped
around Farway Castle, a substantial circular earthwork enclosure which is
believed to be contemporary.
The monument includes two barrows aligned north west/south east and situated
to the north west of the saddle of a ridge.
To the south east is a bowl barrow with an original diameter of about 10m
and height of 0.7m. A minor road overlies the south east half of the barrow
and the mound has also been cut by a narrow linear intrusion, which appears to
have been caused by a partial archaeological excavation.
To the north west is a bowl barrow about 9m in diameter and 0.5m in height,
with an uneven profile. Neither barrow has evidence of a ditch.
Excluded from the monument are the made up road surface and all fence posts,
but the ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The Farway Hill barrows, a number of which form a barrow cemetery, comprise
the central section of the most extensive and densest concentration of barrows
in Devon. Their association with Farway Castle adds additional depth to this
relict ritual landscape. Limited archaeological excavations of some of the
barrows have revealed that they have a remarkable diversity in size and form,
and in the nature of their funerary contents.
Although partially disturbed by excavation and road construction, a
significant proportion of the buried features of these barrows remain intact,
including the old land surface which will contain evidence of the past
environment. These barrows form an integral part of the wider group.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Fox, A, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Broad Down (Farway) Necropolis, , Vol. 4, (1948), 1-19
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 5-46
Hutchinson, , 'Report and Transactions of the Devonshire Association' in Report on Barrows near Sidmouth, , Vol. 12, (1880)
Simpson, S, Noble, S, 'Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report' in Archaeological Survey & Management Study of Areas of E Devon, , Vol. 93.38, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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