Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Sutton Common, 120m south west of the Old School House

A Scheduled Monument in Sutton, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9461 / 50°56'45"N

Longitude: -0.5869 / 0°35'12"W

OS Eastings: 499366.173394

OS Northings: 117243.461001

OS Grid: SU993172

Mapcode National: GBR FH0.NFB

Mapcode Global: FRA 96NL.WPK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Sutton Common, 120m south west of the Old School House

Scheduled Date: 23 January 1968

Last Amended: 11 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010131

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20065

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Sutton

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Sutton St John the Baptist with Bignor Holy Cross

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a rise in the Greensand 3.5km
north of the South Downs. The barrow mound survives as a flat topped
earthwork 20m in diameter and 1.3m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch
from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument.
This has become infilled over the years and now survives as a buried feature
c.3m wide. A bank, the remains of an old hedge line, survives to the north
and west of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow on Sutton Common, 120m south west of the Old School House,
survives well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Holden, E W, 'Sussex Notes and Queries' in Sussex Notes and Queries, , Vol. 15, (1958)

Source: Historic England

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