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Two bowl barrows at Berry Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Burley, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.846 / 50°50'45"N

Longitude: -1.7012 / 1°42'4"W

OS Eastings: 421134.499786

OS Northings: 105204.20925

OS Grid: SU211052

Mapcode National: GBR 542.W5R

Mapcode Global: FRA 76BV.T7T

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows at Berry Wood

Scheduled Date: 14 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010070

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20275

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Burley

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

This monument includes two adjoining bowl barrows situated on a south facing
slope overlooking White Moor Bottom. The northern barrow mound, which was
partially excavated between 1952 and 1956, measures 6.4m in diameter and 0.9m
high. It was constructed of turves covered by gravel and clay upcast from the
surrounding ditch. Four Bronze Age pots each containing a cremation burial
were found resting on the old land surface. Although no longer visible at
ground level, the quarry ditch surrounding the mound is 0.76m wide and 0.4m
deep and has two opposed causeways on the north-east and south-west sides.
The southern barrow mound measures 7.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.9m
high. A slight hollow in the centre of the mound suggests previous robbing or
partial excavation. The quarry ditch surrounding the mound has become
infilled over the years, but excavation of the northern barrow revealed that
the two ditches joined. A sherd of Bronze Age pottery was found in this
barrow in 1938.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the two bowl barrows at Berry Wood
survive comparatively well in the New Forest, an area known to have been
important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of
archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of
agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development
of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
McGregor, R, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in A Late Bronze Age Barrow at Berry Wood, , Vol. 22, (1962), 45-50
Other
Hampshire County Planning Ddepartment, SU20NWC-G,
Hardcastle, F, Records of Burley, (1951)
SU20NW6A,

Source: Historic England

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