Ancient Monuments

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Field system and settlement north of Chapperton Down

A Scheduled Monument in West Lavington, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2358 / 51°14'8"N

Longitude: -2.0108 / 2°0'38"W

OS Eastings: 399344.82474

OS Northings: 148513.472835

OS Grid: ST993485

Mapcode National: GBR 2WC.GGN

Mapcode Global: VHB51.36BG

Entry Name: Field system and settlement north of Chapperton Down

Scheduled Date: 12 February 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010018

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10106

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: West Lavington

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's (West) Lavington All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

An area of field system surrounding an unexcavated settlement.
1 - An Iron age/Romano-British field system, with field banks up to 2m high.
The area has been damaged by shells and military vehicles.
2 - A settlement identified in antiquity. The site has never been confirmed
and there is no dating evidence. Surface irregularities may define a
settlement but no features can be identified.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Well preserved prehistoric field systems are rare nationally. They
provide important evidence of a carefully planned reorganisation of
landscape and definition of landholdings. The examples in the Salisbury
Plain Training Area are some of the best surviving nationally, and
their articulation with other contemporary archaeological features,
such as land boundaries and enclosures, makes them worthy of
scheduling.

Prehistoric and later period villages surviving as earthworks are rare
nationally, as are any associations with contemporary field systems or
other landholdings. The importance of the examples in the Salisbury
Plain Training Area is considerably enhanced by the demonstrable
relationship between the settlements, field systems and major boundary
earthworks which provide exceptionally complete evidence of human
reorganisation of the landscape. This makes the examples in the
Training Area worthy of national protection.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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