Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Long barrow and Old Ditch linear earthwork, on Tilshead Down

A Scheduled Monument in Tilshead, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2208 / 51°13'14"N

Longitude: -1.968 / 1°58'4"W

OS Eastings: 402329.4555

OS Northings: 146842.3895

OS Grid: SU023468

Mapcode National: GBR 3XY.F7Q

Mapcode Global: VHB51.TLY0

Entry Name: Long barrow and Old Ditch linear earthwork, on Tilshead Down

Scheduled Date: 6 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009297

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10109

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Tilshead

Built-Up Area: Tilshead

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Salisbury Plain

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


A long barrow with a north-east/south-west axis. A boundary earthwork is
aligned on the barrow. To the east of the barrow the boundary earthwork is
planted with trees. To the west it is mostly destroyed.
1 - A long barrow 130m along the south-west/north-east axis and c.50m overall
width, including very large side ditches. The barrow was partially excavated
twice in the 19th century. There is some military damage. (SU02304683)
2 - A boundary bank and ditch called "Old Ditch". The bank varies from 2m in
width to non-existent. The ditch is up to 5m wide. The eastern area is planted
with trees.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Twenty-
eight Neolithic long barrows have been identified in the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. As a monument type long barrows are sufficiently rare
nationally that, unless severely damaged, all examples surviving as earthworks
are considered to be of national importance. The significance of the monument
is considered to be enhanced by its direct association with well-preserved
linear earthwork.

Source: Historic England


Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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