Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Gallows Hill, 300m east of Millborough House

A Scheduled Monument in Graffham, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.9672 / 50°58'1"N

Longitude: -0.6703 / 0°40'13"W

OS Eastings: 493465.39636

OS Northings: 119482.775764

OS Grid: SU934194

Mapcode National: GBR FGP.CBD

Mapcode Global: FRA 96HK.6PB

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Gallows Hill, 300m east of Millborough House

Scheduled Date: 27 January 1967

Last Amended: 19 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009908

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20056

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Graffham

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Lodsworth St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a ridge of
Greensand running north-west to south-east 2.5km north of the South Downs.
The barrow mound survives as an earthwork 16m in diameter and 1.5m high. In
the centre of the mound is a hollow which suggests that it was once partially
excavated. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground
level, having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature
c.3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow on Gallows Hill 300m
east of Millborough House survives comparatively well and will contain
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Holden, E W, 'Sussex News and Queries' in Sussex News and Queries, , Vol. 15, (1961)
Ordnance Survey, SU 91 NW 15A, (1972)

Source: Historic England

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