Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Gallows Hill, 150m east of Millborough House

A Scheduled Monument in Graffham, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.967 / 50°58'1"N

Longitude: -0.6724 / 0°40'20"W

OS Eastings: 493320.304378

OS Northings: 119456.436534

OS Grid: SU933194

Mapcode National: GBR FGP.BTT

Mapcode Global: FRA 96GK.CVX

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Gallows Hill, 150m east of Millborough House

Scheduled Date: 27 January 1967

Last Amended: 19 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009905

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20058

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Graffham

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Graffham St Giles with Woolavington St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a Greensand ridge 2.5km north
of the South Downs. The barrow mound measures 15m in diameter and stands to a
height of 1.2m. In the centre of the mound is a large hollow, suggesting that
the barrow was once partially excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch
from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument.
This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow 150m east of Millborough House
retains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. It also has a close
association with a number of similar burial monuments occurring in the area
thus giving an indication of the extent of settlement during the Bronze Age

Source: Historic England


Ordnance Survey, SU91NW15E, (1972)

Source: Historic England

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