Ancient Monuments

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Hlaew 12m north west of Rushall Hall

A Scheduled Monument in St Matthew's, Walsall

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Latitude: 52.597 / 52°35'49"N

Longitude: -1.964 / 1°57'50"W

OS Eastings: 402532.46316

OS Northings: 299913.914106

OS Grid: SP025999

Mapcode National: GBR 3D9.28M

Mapcode Global: WHBFV.SZYF

Entry Name: Hlaew 12m north west of Rushall Hall

Scheduled Date: 19 August 1938

Last Amended: 3 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009772

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21570

County: Walsall

Electoral Ward/Division: St Matthew's

Built-Up Area: Walsall

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Midlands

Church of England Parish: Rushall St Michael The Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument is situated approximately 12m north west of Rushall Hall on the
north east outskirts of Walsall and includes a hlaew or burial mound with an
encircling ditch. The earthen mound stands to a maximum height of 2.2m and is
11m in diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds
the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried
feature, approximately 3m wide. Limited antiquarian investigation at the
hlaew's centre located fragments of human bone and a number of Saxon coins.
Partial excavation of the mound in c.1955 recovered a bone fragment and an
18th century clay pipe.
The fence posts on the north side of the monument are excluded from the
scheduling, but the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a
hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a
primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave
cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old
ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur
in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed
during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they
served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some
were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically
located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information
on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only
between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a
rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy
of preservation.

Despite limited antiquarian and mid-20th century investigations at the centre
of the mound, the hlaew 12m north west of Rushall Hall survives well. These
investigations located human remains, and further evidence of internments and
grave goods will exist within the burial mound providing information on the
burial customs of the period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Wilmore, FW, Records of Rushall, (1892), 6

Source: Historic England

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