Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two adjacent stone hut circles 265m WNW of Trewalla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5137 / 50°30'49"N

Longitude: -4.4784 / 4°28'42"W

OS Eastings: 224382.723714

OS Northings: 71143.984443

OS Grid: SX243711

Mapcode National: GBR NF.JTSH

Mapcode Global: FRA 17HP.YZ5

Entry Name: Two adjacent stone hut circles 265m WNW of Trewalla Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009738

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15091

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes two adjacent stone hut circles situated near other
Prehistoric hut circles, field systems and enclosures on the SE slope of
Tregarrick Tor, on SE Bodmin Moor.
The hut circles form a pair on a NW-SE axis and are separated by a gap of
1.5m. Each has a circular boulder and rubble wall, 1.5m wide and up to 0.75m
high, around an internal area 6m in diameter and levelled into the hillslope.
The north-western hut circle has an entrance gap 0.5m wide in its SE sector,
slightly east of the narrow gap separating the hut circles.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This pair of hut circles on the SE slope of Tregarrick Tor has survived well
with no evident disturbance. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary hut
circles, field systems and enclosures demonstrates well the nature of land use
during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2471,
7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1245,

Source: Historic England

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