Ancient Monuments

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Two adjacent stone hut circles 290m west of Trewalla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5126 / 50°30'45"N

Longitude: -4.4794 / 4°28'45"W

OS Eastings: 224306.132423

OS Northings: 71025.71794

OS Grid: SX243710

Mapcode National: GBR NF.K16Y

Mapcode Global: FRA 17HP.YJG

Entry Name: Two adjacent stone hut circles 290m west of Trewalla Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009703

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15093

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes two adjacent stone hut circles near Prehistoric
enclosures, field systems and other hut circles on the southern slope of
Tregarrick Tor on SE Bodmin Moor.
The hut circles are separated by a clear gap of 8.5m on a NNE-SSW axis. The
northern hut circle is visible as a circular wall of boulders and rubble, up
to 1.25m wide and 0.5m high, around an internal area 6m in diameter and
levelled into the hillslope. The wall has occasional inner and outer facing
slabs, laid on edge, and in the SE sector is an entrance gap 0.5m wide, lined
on each side by a slab set transversely across the wall. The southern hut
circle has a similar wall size and construction but rises to a height of 0.7m
along its southern edge where it is built out slightly from the hillslope.
This hut circle has a levelled internal diameter of 7.5m, with no evident
entrance gap. Both hut circles have the northern faces of their northern
walling largely masked beneath deposits washed down the steep hillside since
their construction.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

These stone hut circles on the slope of Tregarrick Tor have survived well,
without excavation or other disturbance evident. The substantial hillwash
deposits against them will preserve contemporary land surfaces and
environmental evidence. Their proximity to broadly contemporary field systems
and hut circles demonstrates well the settlement pattern and organisation of
land use during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2471,
7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1243,
7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1243.12,
7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1243.13,
7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1244,
7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1245,
7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1357,

Source: Historic England

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