Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 400m north-east of the sewage works: one of a group of four bowl barrows on Witley Common

A Scheduled Monument in Thursley, Surrey

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1523 / 51°9'8"N

Longitude: -0.6833 / 0°41'0"W

OS Eastings: 492183.128147

OS Northings: 140053.703427

OS Grid: SU921400

Mapcode National: GBR FDC.N1P

Mapcode Global: VHFVZ.39LG

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 400m north-east of the sewage works: one of a group of four bowl barrows on Witley Common

Scheduled Date: 13 October 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009506

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20154

County: Surrey

Civil Parish: Thursley

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Witley

Church of England Diocese: Guildford

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a slight north-facing rise on
the Lower Greensand and is one of a group of four bowl barrows, three of which
are within 50m of each other. The barrow has a mound 24m in diameter and 1.2m
high with a hollow in the centre which suggests that it was once partially
excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible from
ground level having become infilled over the years but survives as a buried
feature c.3m in diameter.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow on Witley Common
400m north-east of the sewage works survives comparatively well and contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed. As one of a group of four closely
spaced bowl barrows, it contributes to a valuable insight into the nature and
scale of human occupation in the area during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in An Analysis And List Of Surrey Barrows, , Vol. 42, (1934), 60

Source: Historic England

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