Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 430m north of Thursley Lake: one of a group of four bowl barrows on Witley Common

A Scheduled Monument in Witley, Surrey

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1529 / 51°9'10"N

Longitude: -0.6824 / 0°40'56"W

OS Eastings: 492250.67895

OS Northings: 140122.885531

OS Grid: SU922401

Mapcode National: GBR FDC.N94

Mapcode Global: VHFVZ.4930

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 430m north of Thursley Lake: one of a group of four bowl barrows on Witley Common

Scheduled Date: 22 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009502

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20152

County: Surrey

Civil Parish: Witley

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Witley

Church of England Diocese: Guildford

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a slight north-facing rise in
the Lower Greensand. The barrow has a mound 28m in diameter and 2.2m
high with a hollow in the centre suggesting that the barrow was once partially
excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. Over the years this has become
partially infilled but remains visible as a slight earthwork 3m wide and 0.3m
deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow on Witley Common
430m north of Thursley Lake survives well and contains archaeological remains
and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which
it was constructed. As one of a group of four closely spaced bowl barrows it
contributes to a valuable insight into the nature and scale of human
occupation in the area during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in An Analysis And List Of Surrey Barrows, , Vol. 42, (1934), 60

Source: Historic England

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