Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Beachy Brow 780m east of Ringwood

A Scheduled Monument in Old Town, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7673 / 50°46'2"N

Longitude: 0.2477 / 0°14'51"E

OS Eastings: 558597.797666

OS Northings: 98823.179323

OS Grid: TV585988

Mapcode National: GBR MV6.X06

Mapcode Global: FRA C7D1.Y11

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Beachy Brow 780m east of Ringwood

Scheduled Date: 1 November 1963

Last Amended: 22 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009479

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20144

County: East Sussex

Electoral Ward/Division: Old Town

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Eastbourne St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a ridge in an
area of chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound well-defined on its
western edge but which fades out towards the south-east. The remains of the
mound are c.13m in diameter and 0.5m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. It has
become partially infilled over the years but is still visible as a slight
earthwork 2.5m wide and 0.2m deep to the west of the mound, the rest surviving
as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite disturbance to the monument caused by road construction, the majority
of the bowl barrow 780m east of Ringwood survives well and contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating both to the
monument and the landscape in which the barrow was constructed. It is part of
an extensive and widespread group of barrows and, as such, contributes to a
detailed picture of settlement and land use in the area during the Bronze Age
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 275

Source: Historic England

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